Bioactive foods and why should people care about it

Bioactive foods and why should people care about it

The body function cannot be the same for all people every decade. We need to adapt our bodies to new challenges as well as we always have to be prepared to fight against new health hazards. There have always been so many health issues discovered in the past. Nowadays, people have to deal with some alarming health issues like,

  • Antibiotic Resistances
  • Immunization
  • Obesity
  • Mental Health

To prevent these health issues first and foremost step is controlling food habits, and here comes the importance of bioactive foods.

What is bioactive food

Bioactive food contains bioactive compounds which influence a person physiologically as well as in cellular activities. Mainly, these foods have some phytochemicals which help to increase metabolism, and a good metabolic system in a body result in a good and fitted body.

Understanding the concept of nutrients that are needed in our body is needed to be clear.

Our body needs two types of nutrients. Like,

  • Essential Nutrients: These types of nutrients are essential not only to lead a life but also for doing important chores. Energy producing carbs, vitamins, fats, minerals, proteins, and water can be listed as essential nutrients.
  • Non-essential Nutrients: Some nutrients are needed to fit our body. Like, vitamin D, cholesterol, and amino acids. These are included as non-essential Nutrients.

Besides these two types of categories of food, our body needs some extra foods with other nutrients, which indicates no carbs, vitamins, minerals, or protein. Essential or non-essential foods help people to lead a life, but bioactive food makes that life healthier and makes the body function more active.

The European Journal of Nutrition published an article in 2013 which described the bioactive food like, “Whereas the absence of essential nutrients from the diet results in overt deficiency oftentimes with moderate to severe physiological decrements, the absence of bioactive substances from the diet results in suboptimal health.”

Bioactive food has some components, which are, Bioactive peptides: lactoferrin, glycomacropeptide, Probiotics, Lycopene, Carotenoids, γ-linolenic acid, α-linolenic acid, and omega-3 fatty acids, Isoflavonoids, polyphenols, Glucosinolates, diallyl sulfides, isothiocyanates

Why people should care about bioactive compounds:

Recently, people of various ages have focused n low carb diets or just essential nutrition. They do not know or think about the importance of bioactive foods or compounds. Whenever a person tries to do carbohydrate-starvation, this may increase the consumption of meat or animal fat. There are some advantages in some points, but this is not a very good choice for health in the long run. Even there are four factors which are listed by The World Health Organization which are increasing rapidly for “unhealthy diets.” Like,

  • noncommunicable or chronic diseases such as diabetes
  • stroke
  • lung
  • heart disease.

So, if you want to reduce or control your weight in a healthy way and not affect your other body functions, you need every nutrient as well as bioactive foods on your plate.

On the other hand, we take a lot of toxins with food and water. Our body also gets those toxins from our surroundings, like soil and air. Some toxins are like,

  • Pesticides are organophosphates that are used in homes or schools.
  • Preservatives in foods
  • Chlorine, pesticides add to foods
  • A high dose of antibiotics leads to antibiotic resistance, which is responsible for destroying good bacteria in the guts, which are important for a good immune system.

Because of these toxins, the percentage of various diseases like type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular relater problems as well as obesity has increased in an alarming way.

What are the elements included in bioactive foods.

There are some special elements that make a food bioactive. Like,

  • Antioxidants: carotenoids, flavonoids, and polyphenols are the antioxidants that make a food bioactive.
  • glycosylated, thiolytic, esterified, hydroxylated
  • probiotics, long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid conjugated linolenic acid, and bioactive peptides

Importance of bioactive foods

If you want a vibrant life, bioactive foods are a must for you.

A recent ad hoc Federal working group states a definition of bioactive food “Bioactive food components are constituents in foods or dietary supplements, other than those needed to meet basic human nutritional needs, that are responsible for changes in health status.”

Bioactive food works like soldiers in our bodies to prevent crucial diseases. Like,

  • Heart disorders.
  • Neurodegenerative diseases.
  • Vision-related problems.
  • Regulates brain dysfunction lipid.
  • Controls cholesterol-lowering actions.
  • Cardiovascular diseases.
  • Blood pressure instability.
  • Several other metabolic conditions.
  • Tumor growth.

Their intake is linked with the reduction of numerous types of cancers.

Another study from the Cancer Research association of America shows a statement on bioactive food. It says, “A variety of bioactive food components have been shown to modulate inflammatory responses and to attenuate carcinogenesis,” that is, weaken the process of cancer growth.”

Foods we need to care about for bioactive components:

Type 1 food source:

  • sprouts
  • onions
  • garlic
  • Brussels
  • cauliflower
  • broccoli

Effects on body:

  • These foods help to induct the enzyme which is responsible for detoxifying
  • anticancer
  • Antimicrobial
  • Immunomodulator

Type 2 food source:

  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Vegetable oil

Effects on body:

  • Increases antioxidants
  • Immunomodulator

Type 3 food source:

  • Grapes
  • Fresh fruits
  • Red wine
  • Vegetables

Effects on body:

  • Helps to reduce lipid
  • Anticancer
  • Provides antioxidants
  • Immunomodulator
  • Antiosteoporosis

Type 4 food source:

  • Whole grains
  • Oats
  • fresh fruit with skin

Effects on body:

  • Lipid-lowering

Type 5 food source:

  • Evening primrose or borage oil
  • Rapeseed walnuts
  • Flaxseed
  • Microalgae
  • Fish

Effects on body:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • lipid-lowering

Type 6 food source:

  • Carrots
  • squash green leafy vegetables
  • corn
  • papaya red
  • oranges
  • palm oil

Effects on body:

  • Antioxidant
  • immunomodulators

Type 7 food source:

  • Tomato

Effects on body:

  • Antiproliferative
  • Anticancer

Type 8 food source:

  • Milk
  • Fermented milk products

Effects on body:

  • Antiproliferative
  • Antimicrobial
  • Immune system enhancing

Type 9 food source:

  • Fermented milk products with probiotics

Effects on body:

  • Immunomodulators
  • Gastrointestinal health modulators
  • Anticancer

Conclusion

It’s hard to get a good body without good and proper food. Bioactive food can be your ticket to having a healthy body with good body function.

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